Development of an Indirect Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay to Detect Antibodies against Serotype A2013 of Foot and Mouth Disease Virus in Cattle

AUTHORS

F. Malekdar 1 , * , H. Mahravani 2 , A. Sedeigh 3 , M. Akbarzadegan 2

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Foot and Mouth Disease, Razi Vaccine and Serum Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran

2 Foot and Mouth Disease Reference Laboratory, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran

3 Department of Human Viral Vaccine, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Razi Institute: 74 (2); 143-155
Published Online: June 01, 2019
Article Type: Journal Article
Received: December 10, 2017
Accepted: January 09, 2018
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Abstract

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a contagious animal disease that causes irreparable damage to the economy of countries, including Iran in which this disease is a native one. Among the ways to combat FMD are vaccination and slaughter. Due to the specific situation of Iran, it is not possible to kill infected animals. Therefore, vaccination is the most important way to fight this disease. Serum neutralization test (SNT) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) are two main methods to evaluate the safety and calculate antibody titer.  In this study, an indirect ELISA test was developed based on the coating of a complete viral particle (140s) which made it possible to determine antibody.  In addition, serotype and viral type were determined without the need for time-consuming and complex molecular tasks, including gene expression. Moreover, in case of a new epidemic, a new epidemic condition can be detected using a serum antibody method. However, the coating of the complete viral particle leads to virus purification as well as the conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody testing of the same animal. In this study, the SNT was used as a gold standard test to determine the serum antibody level and compare its results with indirect ELISA method to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the indirect ELISA.  To measure the anti-virus antibody rate of FMD (type A2013) through receiver operating characteristic analysis with 100% sensitivity and the specificity of 90%, the routine formulas were utilized using 100 % and 82%sensitivity and specificity, respectively. In this study, the cutoff value for the optical density was obtained at 0.3 and there was a significant difference between the vaccinated animals and the unvaccinated ones in terms of antibody level against the A2013 type. This indicates the correctness of the test and the accurate and proportional antibody detection against the understudy viral types of FMD.

Keywords

Antibody Cattle Cut off Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay Foot and Mouth disease Serum neutralization test

© 2019, Archives of Razi Institute. Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute.
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