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The Fauna and Active Season of Mosquitoes in West of Fars Province, Southwest of Iran

AUTHORS

Z. Soltani 1 , D. Keshavarzi 2 , * , M. Ebrahimi 1 , A. Soltani 3 , M. J. Moemenbellah-Fard 3 , F. Soltani 1 , H. Faramarzi 4 , K. Amraee 5 , A. Elyasigomari 5

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Communicable Disease Unit, Faculty of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Research Center for Health Sciences, Institute of Health, Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Department of Community Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

5 Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Razi Institute: 72 (3); 203-208
Published Online: August 06, 2016
Article Type: Observational Study
Received: July 04, 2016
Accepted: August 06, 2016
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Abstract

Culicidae are highly important for public health as they can be vectors of diseases and are responsible for a wide spectrum of infections. Five collection sites were selected randomly with regards to existing facilities in Firouzabad County. For collecting larvae and total catch for adult mosquitoes, sampling was carried out by dipping technique for collecting larvae and total catch for adult mosquitoes. A total of 689 adults and 1313 larvae of Culicidae were collected, of which 3 genera and 6 species of Culicidae were recognized, namely, Anopheles superpictusAnopheles d’thaliCulex sinaiticusCulex theileriCulex mimeticus, and Culiseta longiareolata. Cx. theileri was the most frequent Culicidae collected at Firouzabad, with a total of 613 and 247 larval and adult specimens, respectively. The highest number of mosquitoes was collected in June (31.1%) and the lowest in May (3.4%). The mean temperatures in June and May were 31.3˚C and 28.2˚C, respectively. We found some vectors that are of medical and veterinary importance; our results could be applied in vector control programs that aim at eradication or control of mosquitoes in this area.

Keywords

Culicidae Monthly frequency Fars Southwestern Iran

© 2017, Archives of Razi Institute. Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute.
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