Analysis of variations, structures, and phylogenic characteristics of bovine leukocyte antigen DRB3 exon2

AUTHORS

M. M. Ranjbar 1 , S. Ataei 2 , * , Gh. Nikbakht Brujeni 3 , S. Golabdar 3

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Viral Animal Diseases, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran

2 Department of Avian Bacterial Diseases, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Karaj, Iran

3 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Razi Institute: 72 (3); 147-157
Published Online: August 18, 2016
Article Type: Journal Article
Received: May 29, 2016
Accepted: August 18, 2016
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Abstract

Bovine leukocyte antigen (BoLA) DRB3 is a highly polymorphic gene in major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II that plays a central role in immune responses and production factors. As of yet, molecular and evolutionary characteristics of BoLA-DRB3.2* have not been as fully understood as human and mouse. Therefore, we attempted to analyze variability and phylogeny of BoLA-DRB3.2* and illustrate some novel practical evidence on interspecies diversity, the resistance /susceptibility points in cattle breeding, and vaccine design. Initially, BoLA-DRB3.2* alleles and orthologous exons in the selected livestock were retrieved and checked. In the next step, the secondary/tertiary structure of BoLA-DRB3.2*24 gene product was modeled and validated. Then, hypervariable regions (HVRs) of alleles were identified by hybrid approaches. In the last step, interspecies relationship, allele’s phylogeny/grouping, and estimate of average evolutionary divergence were explored. Shannon entropy variation analysis showed eight HVRs and three semi-variable regions in BoLADRB3.2* alleles. These HVRs were present in all the three sub-structures and dominantly existed in alpha helix. In addition, strong relationships and little diversity were noted in phylogenetic trees of cattle, buffaloes, sheep, and goats. Furthermore, there was some evidence on divergence of DRB3 before speciation among the mentioned species and possibility of cross prediction resistance/susceptibility alleles. Finally, DRB3 alleles were grouped into seven clusters, and older and newer alleles were identified. The results show that similar studies should be done in other animals to better understand the nature of the DRB3 attributes.

Keywords

BoLA-DRB3.2 Cattle Modeling Phylogeny Variation

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