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Molecular Detection of Mycoplasma synoviae from Backyard and commercial Turkeys in Some Parts of Iran

AUTHORS

S. Rasoulinezhad 1 , M. H. Bozorgmehrifard 1 , * , H. Hosseini 2 , N. Sheikhi 1 , S. Charkhkar 1

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Poultry and Obstetrics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veter inary Medicine, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad Universi ty, Alborz, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Razi Institute: 73 (2); 79-85
Published Online: March 01, 2018
Article Type: Journal Article
Received: January 21, 2017
Accepted: April 09, 2017
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Abstract

M. synoviae (MS) is an economically important pathogen and the major cause of airsacculitis and infectious synovitis in turkeys. Infection with this pathogen may remain asymptomatic but can render infected birds susceptible to secondary infections. This study was carried out for the molecular detection of MS infection in commercial and backyard turkey flocks in Tehran, Semnan, Isfahan, Qazvin, Zanjan, East Azerbaijan, Gilan, Mazandaran, and Golestan provinces of Iran. Sixty-hundred tracheal, choanal cleft or/and infraorbital sinus samples were collected from 18 commercial and 31 backyard turkey flocks. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique was performed by using primers specific for detecting the 16S rRNA and vlhA genes of MS. The results showed that 51.61% of backyard and 33.33% of commercial farms were MS-positive. These findings suggested the molecular presence of MS, especially in northern and central regions of Iran. Further, the frequency of MS-positive samples was significantly lower in commercial farms than backyard farms (P<0.05).

Keywords

Mycoplasma synoviae Commercial Backyard Turkey Molecular detection Iran

© 2018, Archives of Razi Institute. Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute.
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