Prevalence of Haemoproteus columbae (Apicomplexa: Haemoproteidae) and Trichomonas gallinae (Metamonada: Trichomonadidae) Infections Among Pigeons (Columba livia) in West Azerbaijan Province, Iran

AUTHORS

K. Adinehbeigi 1 , M. Ebrahimi 1 , * , M. Soltani Eini 2 , A. Sameie 2

1 Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

2 Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

How to Cite: Adinehbeigi K, Ebrahimi M, Soltani Eini M, Sameie A. Prevalence of Haemoproteus columbae (Apicomplexa: Haemoproteidae) and Trichomonas gallinae (Metamonada: Trichomonadidae) Infections Among Pigeons (Columba livia) in West Azerbaijan Province, Iran, Arch Razi Inst. 2018 ; 73(2):e84193. doi: 10.22092/ari.2018.116619.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Archives of Razi Institute: 73 (2); 147-152
Published Online: March 01, 2018
Article Type: Journal Article
Received: February 25, 2017
Accepted: May 10, 2017
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Abstract

A cross-sectional survey was performed on domestic pigeons (Columba liviadomestica) to evaluate the prevalence of Haemoproteus columbae and Trichomonas gallinae in West Azerbaijan Province, northwest of Iran between July 2015 and September 2016. Five hundred and sixty oropharyngeal swab smears were examined, 297 (53%) of which were identified to be positive for T. gallinae. Also, the results obtained from blood smears examination indicated that 115 (20.5%) cases were found to be infected with H. columbae. The rates of T. gallinae and H. columbae infection infemale pigeons (58.3% and 21.3%, respectively) were higher compared to those in males. There were 76 (26.1%) and 210 (72.4%) cases of H. columbae and T. gallinae infection in adolescent birds, respectively, which were higher than those in other age groups. We found high prevalence rates of H. columbae and T. gallinae infections in domestic pigeons. Therefore, more attention should be focused on controlling the spread of T. gallinae and H. columbae infection in domestic pigeons.

© 2018, Archives of Razi Institute. Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute.

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